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Dr. Dallas Elgin Published In Children and Youth Services Review

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Dr. Dallas J. Elgin
Research Associate

IMPAQ Research Associate Dr. Dallas Elgin recently published an article in Children and Youth Services Review titled "Factors Affecting Permanency For Legally Free Children & Youth: A Study Of Colorado's Legally Free Population Across Age Groups, 2008–2014."

The article identifies distinct factors affecting permanency across different age groups of legally free children, as well as the need for future research to examine the disparate factors affecting permanency outcomes across different age groups.

The full article can be accessed here.

Summary

The Colorado Department of Human Services' Division of Child Welfare utilized survival analysis to comprehensively examine the factors that affect permanency for legally free children and youth. Factors affecting permanency outcomes were analyzed for more than 5700 legally free children and youth within Colorado's child welfare system during the period of January 2008 to August 2014.

Overall, the majority of Colorado's legally free children and youth achieved a positive permanency outcome. However, the results of the survival analysis reveal distinct factors affecting the permanency of children and youth in distinct age groups, including: children who became legally free after birth through five years in age, children who became legally free between six to twelve years in age, and youth who became legally free between thirteen to seventeen years in age.

Across all age groups, African American race, number of prior involvements, permanency goal, age, number of placements while in care, and the time spent in congregate care or family-like settings were found to have statistically significant effects on the likelihood of achieving permanency.

Collectively, the findings highlight the distinct factors affecting permanency across different age groups as well as the need for future research to examine the disparate factors affecting permanency outcomes across different age groups.

Highlights

The results of the survival analysis reveal distinct factors affecting the permanency of children and youth in distinct age groups.

African American race, prior involvements, permanency goal, age, previous placements, and the time in care had significant effects.

The findings highlight the need for future research to examine the disparate factors affecting permanency outcomes across different age groups.

The full article can be accessed here.