Issue Briefs


Estimating Usage and Costs of Alternative Policies to Provide Paid Family and Medical Leave in the United States

January 2017 - This brief summarizes a simulation analysis of five different paid family and medical leave model programs selected to show a range of generosity of provision and based on working programs in three states (California 2002 legislation and 2016 revisions, New Jersey, and Rhode Island) and a federal proposal (the FAMILY Act), all applied to the national workforce. 


Estimating Usage and Costs of Alternative Policies to Provide Paid Sick Days in the United States

January 2017 - This brief explores the costs and benefits of alternative sick days policies applied at the national level: San Francisco’s Paid Sick Leave Ordinance, the Vermont Act, and the proposed federal Healthy Families Act.


Estimating the Distributional Impacts of Alternative Policies to Provide Paid Sick Days in the United States

January 2017 - This brief explores the distributional impact of three alternative policy models for providing paid sick days to U.S. workers taken from actual policies in the states (San Francisco and Vermont) and a federal proposal (Healthy Families Act).


Paid Leave and Employment Stability of First-Time Mothers

January 2017 - This brief finds a significant relationship between the use of paid leave and greater employment stability among first-time mothers. First-time mothers who utilized paid leave were 26.3% less likely to quit their jobs and were 18.2% more likely to work for the same employer after the birth of their first child.


Qualifying for Unpaid Leave: FMLA Eligibility among Working Mothers

January 2017 - About half (50.5 percent) of young mothers (age 18-34) are not eligible for unpaid, job-protected leave under FMLA, compared with 65.6 percent of those ages 45 to 54 (the age group of mothers with the highest eligibility) and 59.9 percent of non-mothers. This brief explores the reasons and likelihood that working mothers take leave under the FMLA.


Family and Medical Leave-Taking among Older Workers

January 2017 - Older workers have increased their rates of family and medical leave-taking from 2000 to 2012 (from 16% to 21%). This brief examines the family and medical leave-taking behaviors among older workers aged 55 and older compared with younger workers.


The Effects of FMLA Eligibility and Awareness on Family Leave-Taking

January 2017 - Workers who are eligible and aware of FMLA are one and a half times more likely to take leave, compared to workers that were FMLA-eligible but unaware of the law. This brief explores the effect of FMLA eligibility and awareness on whether workers take leave for FMLA-qualifying reasons, where workers typically learn about the FMLA, and which workers are less likely to be aware of the FMLA.


Older Workers' Labor Force Transitions from Work to Retirement

November 2016 - This issue brief describes recent trends in retirement patterns and the increasingly complex ways in which older workers now transition from work to retirement.


Life Coaching and Disconnected Youth

October 2016 - This is the final installment of three issue briefs on innovative aspects of the @LIKE program that can help to inform WIOA youth requirements. The first brief discussed effective recruitment, outreach, and engagement strategies. The second brief focused on participant assessments aimed at understanding individuals’ cognitive and non-cognitive skills.


Non-Traditional Occupations in America's Workforce: Barriers and Solutions to Female Participation

October 2016 - In this issue brief we examine non-traditional occupations in America's workforce and barriers and solutions to female participation. 


Addressing Food Insecurity in Primary Care

September 2016 - This issue brief describes ways in which health systems have implemented food security screening and referral processes, including partnering with community organizations for referrals, and key factors in their success. 


Behavioral Economics and Public Policy

September 2016 - This issue brief introduces the application of behavioral insights to the design and delivery of programs spanning human services and other policy areas. It gives examples of successful interventions, summarizes IMPAQ’s projects in the area, and points to future trends in the field.


Using Assessments to Serve Disconnected Young Adults under WIOA

February 2016 - This is the second installment of three issue briefs on innovative aspects of the @LIKE program that can help to inform WIOA youth requirements. The initial brief discussed effective recruitment, outreach, and engagement strategies. The third brief will conclude the series and will summarize the finding on the use of dedicated Life Coaches to help disconnected young adults become more skilled, confident, and resilient when confronted with employment and educational obstacles.


Current Efforts to Make Education and Training Program Scorecards Available to American Workers

January 2016- This issue brief outlines the need for and goals of such scorecards, key success factors in developing scorecards, and the future of education and training scorecards. To help consumers make better decisions about which training options to pursue, a number of states have developed state education and training program scorecards. 


Workforce Innovation Fund Grant Evaluation Best Practices & Lessons Learned

January 2016 - This issue brief presents Workforce Innovation Fund grant evaluation recommendations across the lifecycle of the grant program and evaluation.  These recommendations grew out of IMPAQ’s experience evaluating a number of WIF grant programs and were presented at the 2015 WIF Conference as part of the plenary session. They will help new WIF grantees build an understanding of the essential steps involved in a successful grant evaluation.


Missed Opportunities: Lifting Barriers to SNAP Participation Among Eligible Seniors

January 2016 - This IMPAQ issue brief summarizes barriers seniors continue to face in participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and provides recommendations for improving participation rates.

Current Efforts to Address SNAP Recipient Benefit Trafficking

January 2016 - This IMPAQ issue brief explores current efforts to improve prevention, detection, and prosecution of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefit trafficking by program recipients with particular emphasis on the potential challenges of implementing new the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipient benefit trafficking procedures at the state level.


Recruitment, Outreach, and Engagement of Disconnected Young Adults under WIOA

October 2015 - This is the first of three issue briefs on innovative aspects of the @LIKE program that can help programs implement WIOA requirements. The second in the series will cover best practices in the use of basic skill and psychological assessments to evaluate the skill, self-efficacy, and resiliency levels of target WIOA populations. 


Efforts to Increase Access to SNAP for Homebound Seniors through Purchasing and Delivery Services 

October 2015 - This IMPAQ Issue Brief explores a newly proposed rule governing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) food retailers that will allow purchasing and delivery (P&D) services of SNAP foods to homebound and disabled participants. We also outline the potential impact and challenges of implementing this new rule.