An influential report from 1999, To Err is Human, noted that medical error caused a large number of deaths. Author Linda T. Kohn argued that effective teamwork by healthcare professionals played a larger role in patient safety than was acknowledged. Healthcare team training programs focus on improving knowledge of, attitudes towards, and skills in four core areas: Leadership, Situation Monitoring, Mutual Support, and Communication. Researchers chose to focus on the TeamSTEPPS program, created by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in 2006.
David Baker and Andrea Amodeo collaborated on a study in which they created and tested the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitude Questionnaire (T-TAQ). This measurement tool was developed to assess attitudes towards the four core components of teamwork in healthcare. Researchers developed a pilot test version of the survey, which was them administered to 495 respondents from different healthcare organizations.
The results of this analysis suggest that the T-TAQ is a reliable and useful tool for assessing individual attitudes of teamwork in healthcare delivery. T-TAQ can be used to understand existing organizational attitudes towards teamwork, allowing an organization to determine if training is warranted. This tool may also be used alongside other training programs, not just TeamSTEPPS, that target core teamwork skills. Data from the T-TAQ questionnaire can also be used to determine changes in participant attitudes after training. The authors of this study believe that T-TAQ could generate more research on attitudes towards teamwork in healthcare.