This project brief details IMPAQ’s evaluation of the Working Children and Adolescents (Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes Trabajadores (NNAT). The NNAT program is an intervention led by the Ministry of Labor of Costa Rica to combat child and adolescent labor by identifying children and youth who are currently working and providing them a conditional cash transfer (scholarship) that requires the students to attend and remain in school. IMPAQ is working with the Ministry of Labor of Costa Rica to evaluate the effectiveness of the NNAT program.
Our team of researchers is using a randomized control trial (RCT) to evaluate the impact of the NNAT program on child labor reduction. This method provides rigorous evidence as to whether the program reduces the incidence of child labor, as measured by the work status of children and number of hours worked. IMPAQ randomly assigned participants to either a treatment group that receives the child labor reduction program or a control group that does not. After the intervention, any detected differences in child labor incidence between the two groups can then be attributed to the child labor reduction program. This evaluation is part of a cross-country series of ILAB evaluations that IMPAQ is conducting in India, Rwanda, Ecuador and Malawi.