INNOVATIVE THINKING
RIGOROUS APPROACHES
REAL WORLD IMPACT

 

Report

Combating Child Labor in Malawi

Title
Combating Child Labor in Malawi
Date
May, 2017
Market
International Development
Practice Areas
Child Labor, Youth & Workforce Development
Forced Labor
Services
Mixed Method Evaluations
Policy/Program Analysis
Client
US Department of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB)
Methodologies
Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)

According to the latest figures by the National Statistical Office of Malawi, 25.7% of children in Malawi aged 5-14 are involved in child labor activities. This project brief summaries IMPAQ’s randomized control trial of the Child Labour Elimination Actions for Real Change (CLEAR II) program in three tobacco-growing districts in Malawi.

Specifically, IMPAQ is evaluating the Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLA) component of CLEAR II, which aims at boosting household income through credit access and by relaxing liquidity constraints that impede entrepreneurship.

IMPAQ is using a randomized control trial to detect the impact of the child labor reduction program. This method provides rigorous evidence as to whether the program reduces the incidence of child labor, increases schooling, and increases savings and credit access as well as business ownership. We randomly assigned 27 villages into a treatment group and 28 villages into a control group. After the intervention, any detected differences in child labor incidents and other outcomes between the treatment and the control villages can be solely attributed to the program.

This evaluation is part of a cross-country series of ILAB evaluations that IMPAQ is conducting India, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Rwanda.