INNOVATIVE THINKING
RIGOROUS APPROACHES
REAL WORLD IMPACT

 

Report

SNAP Participants Employment Patterns: Findings from the NHIS

Title
SNAP Participants Employment Patterns: Findings from the NHIS
Date
June, 2017
Author(s)
Jennifer Pooler, Mithuna Srinivasan
Market
Social Programs
Practice Areas
SNAP Integrity & Food Access
Services
Policy/Program Analysis
Applied Research Studies
Methodologies
Survey Analysis

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, is the nation’s largest food safety net program. SNAP provides vital nutrition to millions of low-income individuals and families. In fiscal year 2015, the program provided benefits to more than 45 million individuals, with the average recipient receiving about $127 a month.

IMPAQ used nationally representative survey data from the 2011–2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) to examine employment patterns of working-age SNAP participants who are not disabled or working in the armed forces. This issue brief provides a snapshot of working-age participants, an abbreviated summary of their employment patterns, and possible implications.

This brief seeks to inform policy makers, practitioners, and advocates about the characteristics of SNAP participants, their employment rates and patterns, and the key determinants of employment. Findings can be used to inform the design and redesign of SNAP E&T Programs.